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Words and expressions to talk about the weather in French (La météo)

3. Useful words about the weather

To be confortable talking about the weather, you need to know some key words of this vocabulary list; at least the main verbs like faire/pleuvoir, adjectives like hot/cold and the cardinal points like east/west.

  • la météo : weather/weather forecasting

  • le temps : weather

  • le soleil : sun

  • la chaleur : heat

  • le froid : cold

  • la canicule : heat wave

  • les saisons (f) : seasons

  • les nuages (m) : clouds

  • la pluie : rain

  • le vent : wind

  • le brouillard : fog

  • l'orage (m) : thunderstorm

  • la tempête : storm

  • la neige : snow

  • l'ouragan (m) : hurricane

  • le cyclone : cyclone

  • le tonnerre : thunder

  • les éclairs (m) : lightnings

  • l'inondation (f) : flood

  • la grêle : hail

  • la mousson : monsoon

  • pleuvoir : to rain

  • faire : to do

  • avoir : to have

  • sec/sèche : dry

  • humide : humid

  • nord : north

  • Sud : south

  • est : east

  • ouest : west

If you are a visual learner, a teacher, or a mum looking to learn with fun the French weather vocabulary with your kids or students, I recommend that you visit our Etsy shop to find out about our bilingual printable flashcards and label cards. They are great for self-learning and for homeschooled or classroom activities. 

1. How to ask about the weather in French?

 

Talking about the weather is one of the most common topics when you don't know what to discuss. It's good to know how to bring up the subject.

Weather in French can be translated as la météo or le temps which also means time in French.

To ask about the weather you can ask the following questions :

Informal

  • Il fait quel temps? => What is the weather like?

  • Il fait quelle température? => What is the temperature?

Formal

  • Quel temps fait-il?

  • Quelle température fait-il?

French vocabulary the weather la meteo.j

2. How to say the weather in French?

To reply you can use the vocabulary in the infographic below with the following combination.

Il fait + adverb

Example 

  • Il fait beau => the weather is nice

  • Il fait mauvais => the weather is bad

  • il fait chaud => it is hot

  • il fait froid => it is cold

  • Il fait frais => It is cool

Il + conjugated verb

Example 

  • Il pleut => it is raining

  • il neige => It is snowing

  • il vente => it is windy

Il y a + du / de la/ de l' / des

Example

  • Il y a du vent => it's windy

  • Ill y a de l'orage => It is stormy

  • Il y a des nuages => It is cloudy

  • Il y a de la pluie => It is rainy

Le temps est + adjectif

Example

  • Le temps est pluvieux => The weather is rainy

  • Le temps est nuageux => The weather is cloudy

  • Le temps est orageux => The weather is stormy

  • Le temps est ensoleillé => The weather is sunny

To speak about the temperature, you'll use Il fait+ Nombre+ degrés.

Example

  • Il fait 30 degrés. => it's 30 degrees.

🤚 Note that we use degree Celcius in France.

4. Expressions about weather

Weather is often used in idiomatic expressions. If you encounter expressions like 

"Il fait un froid de canard" or "Il fait un froid de chien", then you should understand that it means in fact it is very cold.

There are numerous expressions related to French weather. I will dedicate a special post on them very soon.

5. Practice your knowledge about French weather

Practice makes perfect. To help you check your knowledge of the French weather vocabulary, we have designed the Quiz bellow. Take it to see how well you know la météo and make sure you have at least 6/8.